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Posts tagged ‘Alef to Tav’

Gematria – Numerical values

Psalm 139:17-18

King James Version (KJV)

17 How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them!

18 If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee.

Revelation 1:8

King James Version (KJV)

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

Gematria – also known by its Greek name Isopsephia – is the study of the numerical relations implicit in the Greek and Hebrew languages.

The letters of the Hebrew Alefbet have numerical values.  There is a Jewish discipline known as Gematria devoted to finding hidden meanings in the numerical values of words.  For example 18 is the numerical value of Chai (meaning Life) so donations to Jewish charities are routinely made in denominations of 18.

As is common knowledge amongst most scholars of the biblical languages, both Hebrew and Greek are intrinsically alphanumeric, which means that the signs used to denote letters also serve to represent numbers.

The correspondence between letter and number for the Greek alphabet is found on inscriptions as far back as the fifth century BC, and the values given in the Alphabet Table are found in many standard Greek dictionaries.

Likewise, the Hebrew alphanumeric correspondence has been discovered on coins dating from the second century BC, and to this day the chapters and verses in Hebrew Bibles are indexed primarily using letters rather than Arabic numerals. As with the Greek, these values may be found in most standard Hebrew dictionaries

Historically, some of the most profound thinkers in the Jewish and Christian communities have used this alphanumeric correlation to derive relations that appear to be nothing less than a glorious divine revelation. Yet we must understand that this.phpect of God’s Word is “strong meat” that “belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.”

It must never be forgotten that there are portions of the Bible “in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” Many who have lacked a proper foundation in the plain teachings of Scripture have erred greatly in their abuse of God’s numerical system to “prove” their own fallible, home-spun doctrines. Others erred simply because they lacked an understanding and appreciation of mathematical beauty and truth. Such is what fills most, though certainly not all, of the published treatises on this subject. That being said, “let us go on unto perfection” to behold the incomparable wisdom of God

Law and Number

The Exodus from Egypt, which immediately preceded the reception of God’s Law, the Torah, provides an apt example of the inherent precision of God’s works. We read:

Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Note the degree of exactitude expressed in this verse. God specified that the Exodus began after the passage of four-hundred and thirty years to the very day. Moses then led the Israelites to Mount Sinai where God made a covenant with them and gave them the Torah, his Law.

The self-descriptive property of the Hebrew alphabet manifests most elegantly in its own name,  (Aleph-Beyt). This word, formed from the names of its first two letters, gives rise to the following numerical value:


pic  = 400 + 10 + 2 + 80 + 30 + 1 = 523

Alpha and Omega

The only explicit references to any letters of the Greek alphabet in the surface text of Scripture are from the verses in which God declares I am Alpha and Omega.This gives rise to what is without question one of the greatest identities to emerge from the intrinsic alphanumeric structure of the Greek language. The value is: 801

Alpha + Omegapic  = 801

The great miracle of God is that we have this mathematically exact identity:

The Creator

The Creator


Ho Ktisas


The Dove




= 801

Speak Hebrew – Numbers

The Value Number of Hebrew Letters

The Hebrew counting system, each letter in the Hebrew alphabet has a numerical value assigned to it. This system dates back to Temple times, when the rules for the Hebrew calendar system were established, and when our Sages used “Gematria” or Hebrew letter numerical values to glean important insights or hidden meanings in the Torah and other religious texts. Here is how it works in brief: there is no notation for “zero”; the first 10 letters of the Hebrew alphabet have the numerical values 1-10; the next nine letters are valued at 20, 30, 40, et cetera; the remaining Hebrew letters take on the values of 200, 300, and 400 – the latter assigned to tav, the last letter of the Hebrew Aleph Bet.

Hebrew Calendar Year

In Israel today, the digits we are accustomed to (1, 2, 3 … 9) are used most of the time (i.e., for counting money, age, and civil calendar dates). However Hebrew numerals are sometimes used for numbering lists (much like a, b, c, d), for copyright dates, and for the Hebrew calendar. For example, “Monday” in Modern Hebrew is Yom Sheni(literally “the Second Day”); however it is indicated on Hebrew calendars as Yom Bet, referring the numerical value of two assigned to bet, the second letter of the Hebrew Aleph Bet. Similarly, the Hebrew calendar year is indicated in Hebrew letters. Keeping in mind that the current Hebrew calendar year is 5771 and that the “5000” is generally dropped on calendars, the current year in Hebrew is tav-shin-ayin-aleph, the numerical equivalent of which is 771.

Hebrew Numbers and Gender

In Hebrew, numbers are conjugated by gender, taking on the masculine or feminine form of the object they modify.

The feminine form of the Hebrew numbers 1-10 are:
achat, shtayim, shalosh, arba, chamesh, shesh, sheva, shmone, tesha, esser (Note that the number achat is always placed after the noun it qualifies and that shtayim becomes shtey before the noun it modifies)

The masculine form of the Hebrew numbers 1-10 are:
echad, shnayim, shlosha, arba’a, chamisha, shisha, Shiv’a, shmona, tish’a, assara (Note that the number echad is always placed after the noun it qualifies and that shnayim becomes shney before the noun it modifies)

Here are a few examples of counting in Hebrew using the numbers 1-10:

5 sisters: chamesh achayot (feminine)
5 brothers: chamisha achim (masculine)

6 hours: shesh sha’ot (feminine)
6 days: shisha yamim (masculine)

10 shekels: assara shkalim (feminine)
10 agurot: esser agurot (masculine)

For unspecified numbers (such as telling time, phone numbers, and bus numbers) always use the feminine form.

Hebrew Numbers 11 to 19

Here are the next Hebrew numbers to learn:

Number Feminine Masculine
11 Achat-esre Achad-asar
12 Shteym-esre Shneym-asar
13 Shlosh-esre Shlosha-asar
14 Arba-esre Arba’a-asar
15 Chamesh-esre Chamisha-asar
16 Shesh-esre Shisha-asar
17 Shva-esre Shiv‘a-asar
18 Shmone-esre Shmona-asar
19 Tsha-esre Tish’a-asar

Hebrew Numbers 20 to 29

(You will use a similar format to count in Hebrew all the way up the number ladder)

Number Feminine Masculine
20 Esrim Esrim
21 Esrim ve’achat Esrim ve’echad
22 Esrim u’shtaim Esrim u’shnaim
23 Esrim ve’shalosh Esrim u’shlosha
24 Esrim ve’arba Esrim ve’arba‘a
25 Esrim ve’chamesh Esrim va’chamisha
26 Esrim ve’shesh Esrim ve’shisha
27 Esrim ve’sheva Esrim ve’shiv’a
28 Esrim u’shmone Esrim u’shmona
29 Esrim ve’tesha Esrim ve’tish’a

Hebrew Numbers 30 and Up

From the number 30 and up, Hebrew numbers are conjugated only one way (using the feminine form):
30 shloshim; 40 arba’im; 50 chamishim; 60 shishim; 70 shiv’im; 80 sh’monim; 90 tish’im; 100 me’ah
200 ma’tayim
300 sh’losh me’ot
400 arba me’ot
500 chamesh me’ot
600 shesh me’ot
700 sh’va me’ot
800 sh’mona me’ot
900 t’sha me’ot
1000 elef
2000 alpayim
3000 shloshet alafim
4000 arba’at alafim
5000 chameshet alafim
6000 sheshet alafim
7000 shiv’at alafim (commonly pronounced: shvat alafim)
8000 sh’monat alafim
9000 tish’at alafim (commonly pronounced: tshat alafim)
10,000 asseret alafim
11,000 echad esre elef
50 000 chamishim elef
100,000 me’ah elef
250,000 ma’tayim chamishim elef
1,000,000 milione

Telling Time in Hebrew

When asked Ma ha’sha’a? (What time is it?), the answer might be (for example, 6 o’clock, 10 o’clock, and 12 o’clock): ha’sha’a shesh; ha’sha’a eser; ha’sha’a shtem-esre.

To indicate minutes after the hour, a half hour, or quarter of an hour, practice saying the following (7:20, 9:43, 6:30, 3:30, 2:15, 4:15): sheva ve’esrim, tesha arba’im ve’shalosh, shesh va’chetzi, shalosh va’chetzi, shtayim va’reva, arba va’reva.


Phrase Transcription Translation




one exad (axat) 1 אֶחָד (אַחַת)
two sh’nayeem (sh’tayeem) 2 שְׁנַיִם (שְׁתַּיִם)
three shalosh 3 שָׁלֹשׁ
four arba 4 אַרְבַּע
five xamesh 5 חָמֵשׁ
six shesh 6 שֵׁשׁ
seven sheva 7 שֶׁבַע
eight she’mone 8 שְׁמוֹנֶה
nine tesha 9 תֵּשַׁע
ten eser 10 עֶשֶֹר
eleven axat׳esrei 11 אַחַת-עֶשְֹרֵה
twelve shteim׳esrei 12 שְׁתֵּים-עֶשְֹרֵה
thirteen shlosh׳esrei 13 שְׁלֹשׁ-עֶשְֹרֵה
fou rteen arba׳esrei 14 אַרְבַּע-עֶשְֹרֵה
fifte en xamesh׳esrei 15 חֲמֵשׁ-עֶשְֹרֵה
sixteen shesh׳esrei 16 שֵׁשׁ-עֶשְֹרֵה
seventeen shva׳esrei 17 שְׁבַע-עֶשְֹרֵה
eight een shmone׳esrei 18 שְׁמוֹנֶה-עֶשְֹרֵה
nineteen tsha׳esrei 19 תְּשַׁע-עֶשְֹרֵה
twenty esreem 20 עֶשְֹרִים
twenty-one esreem ve’axat 21 עֶשְֹרִים וְאַחַת
twenty-two esreem ush’tayeem 22 עֶשְֹרִים וּשְׁתַּיִם
twenty-three esreem ve’shalosh 23 עֶשְֹרִים וְשָׁלֹשׁ
twenty-four esreem ve’arba 24 עֶשְֹרִים וְאַרְבַּע
twenty-five esreem ve’xamesh 25 עֶשְֹרִים וְחָמֵשׁ
twenty-six esreem vashesh 26 עֶשְֹרִים וָשֵׁשׁ
twenty-seven esreem vasheva 27 עֶשְֹרִים וָשֶׁבַע
twenty-eight esreem ush’moneh 28 עֶשְֹרִים וּשְׁמוֹנֶה
twenty-nine esreem vatesha 29 עֶשְֹרִים וָתֵשַׁע
thirty shlosheem 30 שְׁלֹשִׁים
forty arba׳eem 40 אַרְבָּעִים
fifty xameesheem 50 חֲמִשִּׁים
sixty sheesheem 60 שִׁשִּׁים
seventy sheeveem 70 שִׁבְעִים
eighty shmo’neem 80 שְׁמוֹנִים
ninety teesh’eem 90 תִּשְׁעִים
one hundred me׳a 100 מֵאָה
two hundred matayeem 200 מָאתַיִם
three hundred shlosh me׳ot 300 שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת
four hundred arba me׳ot 400 אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת
five hundred xamesh me׳ot 500 חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת
one thousand elef 1000 אֶלֶף
nineteen eighty eight elef te’sha me׳ot shmo’neem ush’moneh 1988 אֶלֶף תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת שְׁמוֹנִים וּשְׁמוֹנֶה
two thousand alpayeem 2,000 אַלְפַּיִם
three thousand shloshet alafeem 3,000 שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים
four thousand arba׳at alafeem 4,000 אַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים
five thousand xameshet alafeem 5,000 חֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים
ten thousand aseret alafeem 10,000 עֲשֶֹרֶת אֲלָפִים
one hundred thousand me׳a elef 100,000 מֵאָה אֶלֶף
one million meelyon 1,000,000 מִילְיוֹן
first reeshon רִאשׁוֹן
second shenee שֵׁנִי
third shleeshee שְׁלִישִׁי
fourth re’vee׳ee רְבִיעִי
fifth xameeshee חֲמִישִׁי
sixth shee׳shee שִׁשִּׁי
seventh shvee׳ee שְׁבִיעִי
eighth shmee׳nee שְׁמִינִי
ninth tshee׳ee תְּשִׁיעִי
tenth aseer׳ee עֲשִֹירִי
once pa׳am axat פַּעַם אַחַת
twice pa׳amayeem פַּעֲמַיִם
three times shalosh pe’ameem שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים
half xatzee חֲצִי
one quarter reva רֶבַע
one third shleesh שְׁלִישׁ
percent axuz

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