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Celebrating Birthdays, Christ-Mas

Harry Bethel was born and reared in Georgia. Jesus has called Harry and given to him the great privilege to counsel and minister to Christians in all walks of life. Visit Harry’s Website

Did Early Christians Celebrate Birthdays? Should Christians Celebrate Birthdays? Do Birthdays Have Pagan Origins?

Although many who profess Christ celebrate birthdays, did you know that birthdays were simply not celebrated by those in the early church? Interestingly, there is no hint in the Bible or early writings that Jesus, the apostles, or any true Christians ever celebrated birthdays.

This article will begin with an introduction on the origin of birthdays, discuss some ancient and modern Judaic views of birthdays, discuss the Bible and early Gentile views of birthdays, and discuss how birthdays became to be celebrated amongst those that profess Christianity.

Early Origins of Birthdays

So what is the origin of birthdays? Where did the idea of birthdays celebrations come from?

“Originally the idea [of birthday greetings and wishes for happiness] was rooted in magic. The working of spells for good and evil is the chief usage of witchcraft. One is especially susceptible to such spells on his birthday, as one’s personal spirits are about at that time. Dreams dreamed on the birthday eve should be remembered, for they are predictions of the future brought by the guardian spirits which hover over one’s bed on the birthday eve. Birthday greetings have power for good or ill because one is closer to the spirit world on this day. Good wishes bring good fortune, but the reverse is also true, so one should avoid enemies on one’s birthday and be surrounded only by well-wishers. ‘Happy birthday’ and ‘Many happy returns of the day’ are the traditional greetings” (The Lore of Birthdays, Linton, p. 20)…

The giving of birthday gifts is a custom associated with the offering of sacrifices to pagan gods on their birthdays. Certainly the custom was linked with the same superstitions that formed the background for birthday greetings. “The exchange of presents… is associated with the importance of ingratiating good and evil fairies… on their or our birthdays” (ibid.).

The traditional birthday cake and candles also have their origin in ancient pagan idol worship. The ancients believed that the fire of candles had magical properties. They offered prayers and made wishes to be carried to the gods on the flames of the candles. Thus we still have the widely practiced birthday custom of making a wish, then blowing out the candles. The Greeks celebrated the birthday of their moon goddess, Artemis, with cakes adorned with lighted candles…

“The Egyptians… discovered to which of the gods each month and day is sacred; and found out from the day of a man’s birth, what he will meet with in the course of his life, and how he will end his days, and what sort of man he will be” (Herodotus, Persian Wars, Book II, ch. 82)

Since it was believed that the positions of the stars at the time of birth influenced a child’s future, astrological horoscopes came into being, purporting to foretell the future, based on the time of birth. “Birthdays are intimately linked with the stars, since without the calendar, no one could tell when to celebrate his birthday. They are also indebted to the stars in another way, for in early days the chief importance of birthday records was to enable the astrologers to chart horoscopes” (The Lore of Birthdays, p. 53). Rawlinson’s translation of Herodotus includes the following footnote: “Horoscopes were of very early use in Egypt… and Cicero speaks of the Egyptians and Chaldees predicting… a man’s destiny at his birth”…

When we examine the principles of God’s law closely, as they relate to birthday celebrations, we can understand why neither Christ, nor His Apostles, nor their true followers, observed their birthdays. As noted earlier, the practice has its origin in idolatry and the worship of the sun, moon and stars…Some may view birthday customs as purely secular, lacking any religious significance. Yet we need to be aware of the broader perspective of their origins, and the religious significance they have had—and still have—for vast multitudes of people. (Reynolds, Rod. Should Christians Celebrate Birthdays? Living Church News, May-June 2002. pp.16-18).

Furthermore, the book The Lore of Birthdays (New York, 1952) by Ralph and Adelin Linton, on pages 8, 18-20 had this to say:

The Greeks believed that everyone had a protective spirit or daemon who attended his birth and watched over him in life. This spirit had a mystic relation with the god on whose birthday the individual was born. The Romans also subscribed to this idea. . . . This notion was carried down in human belief and is reflected in the guardian angel, the fairy godmother and the patron saint. . . . The custom of lighted candles on the cakes started with the Greeks. . . . Honey cakes round as the moon and lit with tapers were placed on the temple altars of [Artemis]. . . . Birthday candles, in folk belief, are endowed with special magic for granting wishes. . . . Lighted tapers and sacrificial fires have had a special mystic significance ever since man first set up altars to his gods. The birthday candles are thus an honor and tribute to the birthday child and bring good fortune…

Thus it appears that birthdays had their origin in mythology and magic, with horoscopes also probably playing a role.

Jews, Jewish Christians, and Old Testament Birthdays

But what were early Jewish practices?

The first century Jewish historian Josephus noted that Jewish families did not celebrate birthdays:

Nay, indeed, the law does not permit us to make festivals at the birth of our children, and thereby afford occasion of drinking to excess (Josephus. Translated by W. Whiston. Against Apion, Book II, Chapter 26. Extracted from Josephus Complete Works, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids (MI), 14th printing, 1977, p. 632).

Now although there is no specific command against the celebration of birthdays in the Bible, the Jewish custom in those days was apparently based on the negative occurrences in the Bible surrounding birthdays, as well as the astrological implications of the celebration of birthdays (pagan practices, like astrology, were specifically prohibited in the law).

Since nearly all of the first Christians were Jewish, this may partially explain why the celebration of Jesus’ birth would not be consistent with that early custom.

Notice two reports that would seem to support that:

“There is no tradition in Judaism of celebrating birthdays as holidays, otherwise we would expect holidays for the birthdays of Moses and Abraham, among others, but there is no such thing. The Bible does not even record their birthdays, just as the New Testament does not record the date of Yeshua’s birth.”

The interesting thing about birthday celebrations is that, for much of our history, they were not a very “Jewish” custom.

…as a rule, Jews did not celebrate their birthdays. Indeed, while the dates of passing (yahrtzeit) of the great figures of Jewish history are recorded and commemorated, their dates of birth are mostly unknown. (Your Jewish Birthday. Chabad-Lubavitch Media Center.

What Happened on Your Birthday?

In their essay titled “Birthdays, Jewishly,” Lisa Farber Miller and Sandra Widener point out that the Encyclopedia Judaica is very blunt on this topic:

“The celebration of birthdays is unknown in traditional Jewish ritual.”

Notice what the Center for Jewish Women’s and Gender Studies reported:

The Encyclopedia Judaica could not be more blunt: “The celebration of birthdays is unknown in traditional Jewish ritual.” In fact, it says, the only birthday party mentioned in the Bible is for Pharaoh! (Genesis 40:20).

The tradition also holds that your birth alone is not as significant as the way you live your life. After all, King Solomon is thought to have said, “The day of death is better than the day of one’s birth (Ecclesiastes 7:1). As a midrash explains, ‘When a person is born, it is not known what he will be like when grown and what his deeds will be – whether righteous or wicked, good, or evil.

Here are some passages in the Old Testament that the Jews tended to looked at in order to come to their conclusion about birthdays:

Now it came to pass on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. Then he restored the chief butler to his butlership again, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand. But he hanged the chief baker (Genesis 40:20-22).

There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, or one who practices witchcraft, or a soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer, or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. For all who do these things are an abomination to the LORD (Deuteronomy 18:10-12).

You are wearied in the multitude of your counsels; Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, And the monthly prognosticators Stand up and save you From what shall come upon you. Behold, they shall be as stubble, The fire shall burn them; They shall not deliver themselves From the power of the flame (Isaiah 47:13-14).

After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. And Job spoke, and said:

“May the day perish on which I was born, And the night in which it was said, ‘A male child is conceived.’ May that day be darkness; May God above not seek it, Nor the light shine upon it. May darkness and the shadow of death claim it; May a cloud settle on it; May the blackness of the day terrify it (Job 3:1-5).

Now there was a day when his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house; and a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys feeding beside them, when the Sabeans raided them and took them away–indeed they have killed the servants with the edge of the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell you!”…If your sons have sinned against Him, He has cast them away for their transgression (Job 1:13-15; 8:4).

Although, I have heard some say that the “day” referred to in Job 1:13 was a birthday celebration, the passage in Job is not explicit and Job himself indicates he was more concerned with what his sons might have said, than done, in their other celebrations (Job 1:4-5). However, it should be noted that there are no positive statements in the Old Testament related to birthdays.

The prophet Jeremiah wrote:

14 Cursed be the day in which I was born! Let the day not be blessed in which my mother bore me! 15 Let the man be cursed Who brought news to my father, saying, “A male child has been born to you!” Making him very glad. 16 And let that man be like the cities Which the LORD overthrew, and did not relent; Let him hear the cry in the morning And the shouting at noon, 17 Because he did not kill me from the womb, That my mother might have been my grave, And her womb always enlarged with me. 18 Why did I come forth from the womb to see labor and sorrow, That my days should be consumed with shame? (Jeremiah 20:14-18)

The Hebrew calendar itself makes the celebration of birthdays somewhat difficult when one attempts to superimpose it on our modern (essentially Roman-derived) calendars. And the reason for this is that it is about 11 days shorter than the annual orbit around the sun, and hence it adds a thirteenth month seven times in every nineteen year cycle. Thus, one’s “birthday” on a modern calendar will vary 11 or so days from year to year–and the positions of the constellations in the sky would always to some degree be different. Therefore, from an astrological perspective, one’s alleged “sign” would often be different. If God wanted birthdays celebrated, He probably would have given the children of Israel the type of calendar which would have made it possible to for the “birthday” to fall on the same solar calendar day each year–instead that basically cannot happen but a relatively few times in a life.

It may also be that one of the reasons for circumcising males at eight days (see Genesis 17:12), as opposed to the day of birth (which is what tends to often happen in modern societies who circumcise), would be to change the emphasis from the date of birth to other events as important.

Of course, it should be noted that since the ages of many people in the Hebrew Bible are recorded, some type of acknowledgement of when people were born apparently did take place.

Acknowledgement of years to some degree had to take place as the Old Testament categorizes various people at various times based upon age (e.g. Leviticus 27:3-7; Numbers 4:2-3). But there is no recorded example of the Hebrews actually celebrating their dates of birth.

If you search the scriptures you will notice that many people are mentioned being born, but that the precise date (either with a lunar or solar calendar reference) is not given. If God wanted birthdays to be celebrated, than perhaps He would have given specific birth dates in the Bible–but He did not.

Modern Judaism and Birthdays

While many modern rabbis still do not endorse the celebration of birthdays, some do. However, it appears that some believe that there is stronger support in both their traditions and writings to not celebrate them.

Notice the following from a Jewish writer:

In Jewish theology, much importance is attached to the day upon which one dies, one’s yahrtzeit, but little is mentioned about one’s birthday. Some Torah authorities, such as the Satmar Rebbe, Rabbi Yoelish Teitelbaum (1887-1979)[1] are opposed to any sort of celebration of one’s birthday, while other authorities, such as the Lubavitcher Rebbe[2], Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson (1902-1994)[3] and the Rebbe from Piaczezna, Rabbi Kalonymos Kalman Shapiro[4], permit and encourage such celebration on one’s birthday as means of inspiring self-reflection and introspection[5]. Rabbi Matis Blum explains[6] that the rationale of those who oppose birthday celebrations is based on a statement of King Solomon, who said, “A good name is better than good oil, and the day of death [is better] than the day of birth.[7]” He also explains this opposition is seemingly supported by the Talmud which determined[8] that it is better than man not have been born than man having been born. A third reason for opposing birthday parities is simply the fact that the Torah only mentioned such a party in conjunction with the Pharaoh celebrating his own birthday. This implies that only such morally degenerated people as the sovereign of Egypt would celebrate a birthday, but not Torah True Jews…

Cursing one’s birthday is an expression of one’s dissatisfaction in one’s situation. The Midrash says[41] that two people cursed the day on which they born. Job cursed the day he was born[42] as a reaction to all the suffering to which he was subjected. Jeremiah also cursed the day of his birth[43] as a means of conveying the message of his bitterness in having to foretell the destruction of the Holy Temple, and worse, his knowing that prophecy was destined to be fulfilled. (Happy Birthday! Reb Chaim HaQoton, April 17, 2007 - verified 7/12/07).

Thus, many Jewish leaders have acknowledged that the celebration of birthdays was not something that was historically endorsed (though many Jews do celebrate them in modern times).

Did the Magi Give Presents on the Day of Jesus’ Birth?

But some have felt, basically by seeing certain alleged manger scenes, that the Magi/wise men came from the East and gave Jesus presents on the day of His birth.

Well, there are a few issues with this.

First, the wise men definitely were not with Jesus on the day of His birth. The Bible is clear that He had already been born:

1 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him. (Matthew 2:1-2)

Furthermore, notice that they came to worship Him, not celebrate His birthday. It was customary in those times (and still is today) to provide gifts when meeting royalty. Thus, the wise men meeting Jesus and providing presents should not be construed as a birthday celebration.

There is a variety of speculation about who the wise men were, but one that makes the most sense is that they were among the part of Israel. The Apostle James wrote to the “tribes which are scattered abroad” (James 1:1). The first century Jewish historian Josephus stated that some of the tribes of Israel were “beyond Euphrates” (Josephus. Wars of the Jews, Chapter 2. Extracted from Josephus Complete Works. Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids (MI), 14th printing), which is East of Jerusalem.

Another reason to believe that the wise men were of Israeli origin is that they may have had access to at least part of the Hebrew Bible and likely responded because of verses such as the following:

17… A Star shall come out of Jacob; A Scepter shall rise out of Israel (Numbers 24:17).

And since the wise men may have been of Israelite origin, they like the Jews, may not have had a tradition of celebrating birthdays.

Gentiles and Birthdays in the New Testament

But the focus of this article is early Christianity–which while it certainly includes the fact that Jews, including Christian ones, did not celebrate birthdays in the first and second centuries A.D. What were the practices of the non-Jewish (Gentiles) converts to Christianity?

But before getting to later Gentile practices, first perhaps we should look at the teachings of the New Testament itself.

It is interesting to note that while the New Testament is clear about the specific time of certain holy days such as Passover (Matthew 26:17-20) and Pentecost (Acts 2:1), it never mentions the date, nor even the precise month, of Jesus’ birth (see Matthew 1 and Luke 1;2:1-20). Nor does it ever specifically endorse the celebration of birthdays. Not does it ever give the date (with either a solar or lunar calendar reference) for any one being born.

The presiding evangelist of the Living Church of God specifically taught:

“We don’t celebrate our birthdays” (Meredith RC. Building Faith and Courage. Sermon, Charlotte-NC, 6/21/08).

Furthermore, there is no recorded instance of any of the apostles or other early Christians celebrating the birth of Christ (see also the article Did the Early Church Celebrate Christmas?).

There is, however, one birthday celebration mentioned in the New Testament, and it was not a good one. Actually, it was so bad, that the one Jesus had called the greatest “among those born of women” (Matthew 11:11) was killed because of it:

But when Herod’s birthday was celebrated, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod. Therefore he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. So she, having been prompted by her mother, said, “Give me John the Baptist’s head here on a platter.” And the king was sorry; nevertheless, because of the oaths and because of those who sat with him, he commanded it to be given to her. So he sent and had John beheaded in prison. And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother (Matthew 14:6-11).

(The same account is also described in Mark 6:21-28).

Originally, even as more and more Gentiles began to profess Christ (so much so that they outnumbered those of Jewish heritage that did), the early Gentile leaders also did not endorse the celebration of birthdays. No early church writer endorsed the observance of birthdays by Christians, nor are they ever listed in the early observances of the Christian church.

Therefore, the celebration of birthdays, was clearly not part of:

… the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3).

No early religious/church writing from the second century that I have seen (and I have read most that are available) seems to endorse (or even suggest) the celebration of birthdays by any who professed Christ.

Although he was not part of the Church of God, the writings of the early third century Catholic theologian Origen of Alexandria show that, even that late, Orthodox Catholics were against the celebration of birthdays. The Catholic Encyclopedia states:

Origen, glancing perhaps at the discreditable imperial Natalitia, asserts (in Lev. Hom. viii in Migne, P.G., XII, 495) that in the Scriptures sinners alone, not saints, celebrate their birthday (Martindale C. Christmas, 1908).

Here is some of what Origen wrote:

…of all the holy people in the Scriptures, no one is recorded to have kept a feast or held a great banquet on his birthday. It is only sinners (like Pharaoh and Herod) who make great rejoicings over the day on which they were born into this world below (Origen, in Levit., Hom. VIII, in Migne P.G., XII, 495) (Thurston H. Natal Day. Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett. Dedicated to Margaret Johanna Albertina Behling Barrett. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume X. Copyright © 1911 by Robert Appleton Company. Online Edition Copyright © 2003 by K. Knight. Nihil Obstat, October 1, 1911. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York).

The writings of the late third century Catholic theologian Arnobius show that, even that late, Catholics objected to the celebration of birthdays as he wrote:

…you worship with couches, altars, temples, and other service, and by celebrating their games and birthdays, those whom it was fitting that you should assail with keenest hatred. (Arnobius. Against the Heathen (Book I), Chapter 64. Excerpted from Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume 6. Edited by Alexander Roberts & James Donaldson. American Edition, 1886. Online Edition Copyright © 2005 by K. Knight).

Thus birthday celebrations, even of gods and leaders, were condemned as far as the late third century by even Roman Catholic leaders.

How Birthdays Ended Up Being Observed

It does not seem that the celebration of birthdays became common among those that professed Christ until the fourth century. During that century, infant baptism started to become customary and the celebration of Christmas became standard practices for the majority that professed Christ. Also, the fact that Roman emperors tended to celebrate their birthdays was undoubtedly another factor as it was in the fourth century that Roman emperors began to accept some form of Christianity.

Wikipedia notes:

History of celebration of birthdays in the West It is thought that the large-scale celebration of birthdays in Europe began with the cult of Mithras, which originated in Persia but was spread by soldiers throughout the Roman Empire. Before this, such celebrations were not common; and, hence, practices from other contexts such as the Saturnalia were adapted for birthdays. Because many Roman soldiers took to Mithraism, it had a wide distribution and influence throughout the empire until it was supplanted by Christianity (Wikipedia. Birthdays. July 12, 2007 version).

Christmas is also relevant because December 25th was the day of celebration of the birthday of the sun-god Mithra. Perhaps it should also be mentioned that one of the key features of Mithraism was Sunday observance. The reason that this seems to be relevant is that the Roman Emperor Constantine, the first Roman Emperor to make a profession of Christ, was also the first Emperor to make Sunday laws–which he began to do on March 7, 321. Also, a few years later, the Council of Nicea that Constantine convened in 325 A.D. declared Sunday to be the “Christian day” of worship (for more information, please see the article Europa and the Book of Revelation).

According to the fourth century historian Epiphanius, some who observed Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, claimed that Emperor Constantine mandated a Sunday observance of it in the Council of Nicea in 325 in order to somehow honor his birthday:

“You changed the Passover to Constantine’s birthday” (Epiphanius. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Books II and III (Sects 47-80), De Fide). Section VI, Verse 9,4. Translated by Frank Williams. EJ Brill, New York, 1994, pp. 410-411).

The World Book Encyclopedia notes,

Christmas…In 354 A.D., Bishop Liberius of Rome ordered the people to celebrate on December 25. He probably chose this date because the people of Rome already observed it as the Feast of Saturn, celebrating the birthday of the sun (Sechrist E.H. Christmas. World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 3. Field Enterprises Educational Corporation, Chicago, 1966, pp. 408-417).

Hence, it would seem to follow that since those who professed Christ as late as the third century did not celebrate birthdays, that it was not after a Roman Emperor implemented Sunday, that perhaps he and others were amenable to adopting other practices of Mithraism–one of which was birthday celebrations. This is apparently how birthdays became to be celebrated amongst those that professed Christianity. A celebration for the date of Jesus’ birth in Rome probably began near this time, but was mandated no later than 354 A.D.

Thus it appears that the “birthday of the sun” festivities were a major factor in the date chosen for followers of Greco-Roman Christianity to celebrate. And once those that professed Christ began to widely celebrate that “birthday”, other birthday celebrations became more common.

The Satanic Bible and Birthdays

Back in 1969 Anton Lavey wrote The Satanic Bible.

On page 96 on the 1976 version, it mentions birthdays:

THE highest of all holidays in the Satanic religion is the date of one’s own birth. This is in direct contradiction to the holy of holy days of other religions, which deify a particular god who has been created in an anthropomorphic form of their own image, thereby showing that the ego is not really buried.

The Satanist feels: “Why not really be honest and if you are going to create a god in your image, why not create that god as yourself.” Every man is a god if he chooses to recognize himself as one. So, the Satanist celebrates his own birthday as the most important holiday of the year. After all, aren’t you happier about the fact that you were born than you are about the birth of someone you have never even met? Or for that matter, aside from religious holidays, why pay higher tribute to the birthday of a president or to a date in history than we do to the day we were brought into this greatest of all worlds?

Despite the fact that some of us may not have been wanted, or at least were not particularly planned, we’re glad, even if no one else is, that we’re here! You should give yourself a pat on the back, buy yourself whatever you want, treat yourself like the king (or god) that you are, and generally celebrate your birthday with as much pomp and ceremony as possible.

After one’s own birthday, the two major Satanic holidays are Walpurgisnacht and Halloween (or All Hallows’ Eve).

(Lavey A, Gilmore P. The Satanic Bible. Avon, September 1, 1976, p. 96–note it is on page 53 of an online version I found also).

It is interesting that birthdays are considered the most important holiday to these Satan worshipers (the founding of their “church” (Walpurgisnacht) and Halloween are the other ones of importance to them). This comes as no surprise.

Comments from the Living Church News

The May-June edition of the Living Church News had an article titled Birthdays and God’s Church by Rod McNair, that states:

Should Christians celebrate birthdays? What does the Church teach on this topic? What does your Bible say? It is a fact of life that everyone grows older, and on one day a year we are considered a year older than the day before. There is nothing wrong with acknowledging the passage of time, as another year of life goes by. We know, for example, that Moses certainly knew his birthdate…

Moses simply acknowledged his age. By contrast, many in the world today have grown used to the idea that their day of birth is an occasion on which friends, family members and coworkers are expected to lavish them with attention, gifts and revelry. What can we learn from Scripture about observing birthdays? Jesus Christ did not mark the anniversary of His birth, nor did He make reference to it in any such fashion. Nor did any of the Apostles so much as even mention Christ’s birth date or their own…

Does the book of Job indicate that Job’s sons observed their birthdays? Some point to this verse to support that idea: “And his sons would go and feast in their houses, each on his appointed day” (Job 1:4). Is “his appointed day” a vague reference to a birthday? Scripture does not say. However, we should also note that, if this is a “birthday” example, it is not entirely positive regarding the idea of birthday celebrations— we see that Job offered sacrifi ces afterward, on the assumption that his sons may have “sinned and cursed God in their hearts” while feasting (v. 5)…

But even some casual observers have noticed that the early Church taught against participation in such birthday celebrations as are so common in our world today. As writer Norm Schneider points out: “During the Christian era, the early followers of Christ didn’t believe in celebrating birthdays, preferring—as was the case in earlier eras—of honoring one’s death. Their belief was that only in death was there true deliverance worthy of honoring one’s ‘death day’ [a reference to Ecclesiastes 7:1, where Solomon asserts that the day of one’s death is better than the day of one’s birth]. They also believed that Egyptian and Greek birthday celebrations were pagan festivals and should not be duplicated” (“The Strange Origins of Our Modern Birthday Customs,” August 13, 2008, http://www.associatedcontent.com).

Schneider goes on to observe that by “the fourth century, Christians—having generally agreed on the date of Christ’s birth—began celebrating the event, ergo Christmas.” Indeed, the observance of Christmas and the celebration of birthdays went hand in hand as the vast majority of professing Christians fell into apostasy. Today, billions of people who call themselves “Christians” are keeping Christmas to have, in effect, a sort of “birthday party for Christ.” However, when we read what Scripture tells us about the young Jesus Christ, we find no precedent for such celebration. What do we find? When they saw the young Jesus, the wise men from the East “fell down and worshiped Him. And when they had opened their treasures, they presented gifts to Him: gold, frankincense, and myrrh” (Matthew 2:11). This was a momentous event, but it was not a birthday party—these were prominent men coming to visit the King. The custom of bringing a gift when coming before a king is still in practice today…

Accordingly, God does not want His people to become involved in worldly practices that lead to the destruction of character. Worldly birthday festivities, under the guise of a “party spirit,” are often focused on greed—the desire for gifts and attention—as well as on vanity, selfishness and a wrong spirit of competition. Such attitudes are inappropriate for Christians as part of any celebration, not just birthday celebrations! God makes it plain that Christians are not to take part in “lewdness, lusts, drunkenness, revelries, drinking parties, and abominable idolatries” (1 Peter 4:3). We know from Scripture that covetousness is idolatry (Colossians 3:5)…

A balanced perspective on this issue can be found in an example cited by our Presiding Evangelist, Dr. Roderick C. Meredith…Dr. Meredith mentioned in his July 21, 2008 sermon, titled “Building Faith and Courage,” that he had just turned 78 years of age, but without a birthday party. On the other hand, as noted above, he has acknowledged that it can indeed be appropriate for families to acknowledge a child’s growth and development on a birth date, just as it can be worthwhile to honor an elderly person at a milestone in his or her life—in a Christian spirit of true love and respect, without getting caught up in the spirit of carnal celebrations that often go far beyond what is appropriate.

The most faithful in the Church of God believe that acknowledgement of aging is appropriate, but birthday parties are not.

Concluding Comments

Although birthdays were to some degree acknowledged, the celebration of birthdays was not something that original Christians did and should not be done by true Christians today. Nor did Jews anciently celebrate birthdays. Nor does the Bible ever give the precise date with either a lunar or solar calendar of any persons’ birth.

Birthdays apparently originated in magic and mythology. They were traditionally also celebrated by followers of Mithra.

In the fourth century, after a sun-worshipping emperor made a profession towards Christ and passed the first Sunday law, he and/or apparently his followers probably did not consider that there were problems with celebratory aspects of Mithraism/Saturnalia as long as Christ and believers, and not Mithra, were the focus of celebrations.

But should we be following the example of the Romans who mixed practices of Mithraism into their religion or of those who first accepted Christ? Recall that Christians are advised to:

…contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3).

Jesus’ birth was not celebrated by early Christians. Actually, practices now associated with it were condemned as idolatry by the end of the second century. More can be found in the article What Does the Catholic Church Teach About Christmas and the Holy Days? More on what happened to the early Christian church can be found in the article The History of Early Christianity.

By COGwriter

Job 1:4 ESV / 18 helpful votes

His sons used to go and hold a feast in the house of each one on his day, and they would send and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them.

Genesis 40:20-22 ESV / 13 helpful votes

On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants and lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants. He restored the chief cupbearer to his position, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand. But he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.

Matthew 14:6 ESV / 11 helpful votes

But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod,

Ecclesiastes 7:1 ESV / 11 helpful votes

A good name is better than precious ointment, and the day of death than the day of birth.

2 Corinthians 6:14-18 ESV / 10 helpful votes

Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever? What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, “I will make my dwelling among them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch no unclean thing; then I will welcome you, and I will be a father to you, and you shall be sons and daughters to me, says the Lord Almighty.”

Ecclesiastes 7:8 ESV / 10 helpful votes

Better is the end of a thing than its beginning, and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

Mark 6:21 ESV / 9 helpful votes

But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his nobles and military commanders and the leading men of Galilee.

Matthew 14:6-12 ESV / 8 helpful votes

But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod, so that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. Prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter.” And the king was sorry, but because of his oaths and his guests he commanded it to be given. He sent and had John beheaded in the prison, …

Jeremiah 10:3 ESV / 8 helpful votes

For the customs of the peoples are vanity. A tree from the forest is cut down and worked with an axe by the hands of a craftsman.

Jeremiah 10:1-3 ESV / 8 helpful votes

Hear the word that the Lord speaks to you, O house of Israel. Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens because the nations are dismayed at them, for the customs of the peoples are vanity. A tree from the forest is cut down and worked with an axe by the hands of a craftsman.

1 Peter 2:21 ESV / 7 helpful votes

For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps.

Romans 8:7 ESV / 7 helpful votes

For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot.

Leviticus 18:3 ESV / 7 helpful votes

You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived, and you shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you. You shall not walk in their statutes.

John 4:24 ESV / 6 helpful votes

God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”

Genesis 40:20 ESV / 6 helpful votes

On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants and lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.

1 Peter 4:13 ESV / 5 helpful votes

But rejoice insofar as you share Christ’s sufferings, that you may also rejoice and be glad when his glory is revealed.

Romans 14:5 ESV / 5 helpful votes

One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind.

1 Kings 18:21 ESV / 5 helpful votes

And Elijah came near to all the people and said, “How long will you go limping between two different opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him.” And the people did not answer him a word.

Jeremiah 10:2 ESV / 4 helpful votes

Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens because the nations are dismayed at them,

Deuteronomy 30:15-20 ESV / 3 helpful votes

“See, I have set before you today life and good, death and evil. If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you today, by loving the Lordyour God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it. But if your heart turns away, and you will not hear, but are drawn away to worship other gods and serve them, I declare to you today, that you shall surely perish. You shall not live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to enter and possess. I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and curse. Therefore choose life, that you and your offspring may live, …

Keys and Doors To The Kingdom – Unlocking Parables

The Door to the Way of God

John 10:9

King James Version (KJV)

I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

Literal Meaning: Door

Symbolic Meaning: Knowledge, Way, Birth and Death

Ezekiel 41:2

King James Version (KJV)

And the breadth of the door was ten cubits; and the sides of the door were five cubits on the one side, and five cubits on the other side: and he measured the length thereof, forty cubits: and the breadth, twenty cubits.

John 10:1-10

King James Version (KJV)

10 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

The name of the Fourth Hebrew Letter is delet,  the Hebrew word for a DOOR

There are two possibilities for the original Early Semitic pictograph for this letter - , a picture of a fish and , a picture of a door. The modern Hebrew name for this letter is “dalet” and means “door”. The word “dalet” is a derivative of the parent root “dal” also meaning “door”. The Arabic name for this letter is “dal” giving support to the parent root as the original name. As the Hebrew word for a “fish” is dag, it is unlikely that the pictograph  is the pictograph for this letter but, rather the pictograph .

The basic meaning of the letter  is “door” but has several other meanings associated with it. It can mean “a back and forth movement” as one goes back and forth through the tent through the door. It can mean “dangle” as the tent door dangled down from a roof pole of the tent. It can also mean weak or poor as one who dangles the head down.

The sound for this letter is a “d” as in “door” as it is with the Greek and Arabic equivalents.

The Early Semitic pictograph  evolved into the Middle Semitic letter . The Middle Semitic then evolved into the Late Semitic letter , the early form of the Modern Hebrew ד. The Middle Semitic letter is the origin of the Greek letter D, The Roman D and the number 4.

Unlocking Parables Introduction

Aleph-Bet Soup – Body Codes

The Body Codes with Chuck Thurston, a teaching on the human body and how the organs of our bodies correspond to the Kingdom of Heaven.

Dr. Thurston’s goal is to provide believers with scientific evidence that re-establishes the Bible as completely true and authentic. He also focus on the many infallible proofs that may persuade honest seekers of truth that the Bible is what they have been looking for, and is a scientific reality in ways they could never have imagined. In his brilliantly composed book is a well-balanced meal of spiritual vitamins and minerals, bringing nourishment and new life to your thirsty and hungry soul. It was inspired by his deep love and holy respect for the Word of God. The mini lesson below should help you understand one of many reasons why Dr. Thurston has a passion for the Holy Scriptures.

The Hebrew Aleph-Bet comprises twenty-two letters. This equates to the astonishing fact that the human body also is designated with twenty-two amino acids, all of which are vital to a healthy and productive life on earth. The biblical Hebrew text, which uses those twenty-two letters, is precisely written with a uniquely interwoven mathematical system; yet it retains a poetical and musical sound as you listen to a fluent speaker of the language. Its message is consistent throughout, as it invites the reader to linger at the Master’s buffet table of spiritual insights, eating and digesting soul-satisfying thoughts of eternal life.

Finally, I encourage you, dear reader, to consume this wonderful, spiritual food with an attitude of open-mindedness and a hungry, searching heart. So, let us sit down together at the Master’s table, relax, and sip our Aleph-Bet Soup. It is for you, because it is just what the doctor ordered!
In Psalm 34:8, the Lord admonishes us to taste of Him. “O taste and see that the Lord is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.” - Yacov Rambsel

Download the book Here

 

 

Gematria – Numerical values

Psalm 139:17-18

King James Version (KJV)

17 How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them!

18 If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee.

Revelation 1:8

King James Version (KJV)

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

Gematria - also known by its Greek name Isopsephia – is the study of the numerical relations implicit in the Greek and Hebrew languages.

The letters of the Hebrew Alefbet have numerical values.  There is a Jewish discipline known as Gematria devoted to finding hidden meanings in the numerical values of words.  For example 18 is the numerical value of Chai (meaning Life) so donations to Jewish charities are routinely made in denominations of 18.

As is common knowledge amongst most scholars of the biblical languages, both Hebrew and Greek are intrinsically alphanumeric, which means that the signs used to denote letters also serve to represent numbers.

The correspondence between letter and number for the Greek alphabet is found on inscriptions as far back as the fifth century BC, and the values given in the Alphabet Table are found in many standard Greek dictionaries.

Likewise, the Hebrew alphanumeric correspondence has been discovered on coins dating from the second century BC, and to this day the chapters and verses in Hebrew Bibles are indexed primarily using letters rather than Arabic numerals. As with the Greek, these values may be found in most standard Hebrew dictionaries

Historically, some of the most profound thinkers in the Jewish and Christian communities have used this alphanumeric correlation to derive relations that appear to be nothing less than a glorious divine revelation. Yet we must understand that this.phpect of God’s Word is “strong meat” that “belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.”

It must never be forgotten that there are portions of the Bible “in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” Many who have lacked a proper foundation in the plain teachings of Scripture have erred greatly in their abuse of God’s numerical system to “prove” their own fallible, home-spun doctrines. Others erred simply because they lacked an understanding and appreciation of mathematical beauty and truth. Such is what fills most, though certainly not all, of the published treatises on this subject. That being said, “let us go on unto perfection” to behold the incomparable wisdom of God

Law and Number

The Exodus from Egypt, which immediately preceded the reception of God’s Law, the Torah, provides an apt example of the inherent precision of God’s works. We read:

Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Note the degree of exactitude expressed in this verse. God specified that the Exodus began after the passage of four-hundred and thirty years to the very day. Moses then led the Israelites to Mount Sinai where God made a covenant with them and gave them the Torah, his Law.

The self-descriptive property of the Hebrew alphabet manifests most elegantly in its own name,  (Aleph-Beyt). This word, formed from the names of its first two letters, gives rise to the following numerical value:

Alephbet

pic  = 400 + 10 + 2 + 80 + 30 + 1 = 523

Alpha and Omega

The only explicit references to any letters of the Greek alphabet in the surface text of Scripture are from the verses in which God declares I am Alpha and Omega.This gives rise to what is without question one of the greatest identities to emerge from the intrinsic alphanumeric structure of the Greek language. The value is: 801

Alpha + Omegapic  = 801

The great miracle of God is that we have this mathematically exact identity:

The Creator

The Creator

pic

Ho Ktisas

 =801

The Dove

Dove

pic

Peristera

= 801

The Two Babylons

“And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”–Revelation 17:5

The Two Babylons or The Papal Worship Proved to be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife

By the Late Rev. Alexander Hislop

First published as a pamphlet in 1853–greatly expanded in 1858

Download Here

Where did the practices and beliefs of Roman Catholicism come from? In this scholarly classic, first published over eighty years ago, Alexander Hislop reveals that many Roman Catholic teachings did not originate with Christ or the Bible, but were adopted from ancient pagan Babylonian religion, and given Christian names.

This book accurately provides a fascinating historical in-depth examination of the shocking similarities between the practices of ancient Babylonian religion and those of today’s Roman Catholic church.

See how a religion that was started by Nimrod and his wife spread to various regions, taking on different names, but keeping the same pagan rituals and trappings. These same rituals embody the Catholic church of today.

Learn the true origins of:
  • The Mother and Child
  • The Mass
  • The Wafer (Eucharist
  • Purgatory
  • The Sovereign Pontiff
  • Prayers for the Dead
  • The Rosary
  • The Sign of the Cross
  • The Confessional
  • Clothing and Crowning of Images
  • Priests, Monks, and Nuns
  • Relic Worship
  • Worship of the Sacred Heart
  • Extreme Unction
  • and much more!

Textus Receptus: “Received Text”

Why the Textus Receptus (Byzantine) is older than Westcott & Hort Text (Alexandrian and Vaticannus ) The Ante Nicene Fathers (Polycarp, Tranacus, Etc.) Give an indelible stamp of Authority that Manuscripts of TR predate A&B 100-125 years.


Textus Receptus
 (Latin: “received text”) is the name subsequently given to the succession of printed Greek texts of the New Testament which constituted the translation base for the original German Luther Bible, the translation of the New Testament into English by William Tyndale, the King James Version, and most other Reformation-era New Testament translations throughout Western and Central Europe. The series originated with the first printed Greek New Testament, published in 1516—a work undertaken in Basel by the Dutch Catholic scholar and humanist Desiderius Erasmus. Detractors criticize it for being based on only some six manuscripts, containing between them not quite the whole of the New Testament. The missing text was back-translated from the Vulgate. Although based mainly on late manuscripts of the Byzantine text-type, Erasmus’s edition differed markedly from the classic form of that text, and included some missing parts back translated from the Latin Vulgate.

The Ante-Nicene Fathers, 10 vols. is before the RCC and before the text ( manuscripts ) become corrupt.

Volume Titles:
Volume 1: Apostolic Fathers, Justin Martyr, Inrenaeus
Volume 2: Hermas, Tatian, Athenagoras, Theophilus, Clement of Alexandria
Volume 3: Tertullian
Volume 4: Tertullian (IV), Minucius Felix, Commodian, Origen
Volume 5: Hippolytus, Cyprian, Caius, Novatian, Appendix
Volume 6: Gregory Thaumaturgus, Dionysius the Great, Julius Africanus, Anatolius and Minor Writers, Methodius, Arnobius

End of the 3rd century the first 6 books.

Tertullian was born 160 AD and died somewhere between (220-240) AD

Westcott and Hort Text was found in the 325+ AD. This means that Tertullian was before these perversion were found.

Can we prove that Mark 16:9-20 is actually in the scriptures? Yes we can because Tertullian references it!

Vol. 3 p.206

Greek Alphabet Song – (koine)

The first of 18 songs by “The Singing Grammarian: Songs and Visual Presentations for Learning New Testament Greek Grammar.


Koine
 (from κοινή “common”, also known as “Alexandrian dialect”, “common Attic” or “Hellenistic Greek”) was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written duringhellenistic and Roman antiquity. It developed through the spread of Greek following the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, and served as the common lingua franca of much of the Mediterranean region and the Middle East during the following centuries.

Based mainly on Attic and related Ionic speech forms, with various admixtures brought about through dialect levelling with other varieties,[1] Koiné Greek displayed a wide spectrum of different styles, ranging from more conservative literary forms to the spoken vernaculars of the time.[2] As the dominant language of the Byzantine Empire it developed further into Medieval Greek, the main ancestor of Modern Greek.[3]

Literary Koiné was the medium of much of post-classical Greek literary and scholarly writing, such as the works of Plutarch and Polybius.[1] Koiné is also the language of the Christian New Testament, of the Septuagint (the 3rd century BC Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible), and of most early Christian theological writing by the Church Fathers. In this context, Koiné Greek is also known as “Biblical”, “New Testament” or “patristic Greek”.[4]

 

The Truth About CHRISTMAS – The End Times

The End Times and The Truth About Christ Mas

I Will Have Mercy On Whom I Will Have Mercy


History of Israel: Mark 13 – Last Trumpet – 7 Angels – 7 Stars – 7 Trumpets – Israel Scattered for 2600 Years, Christmas by Jim Brown of  http://www.graceandtruth.net/

To understand the bible you need to go back to the culture, the time, it was written, to understand the form in which it was written. The bible is about God picking out a people and putting them in a body that can’t do right, that cannot keep from sinning. And commanding them not to sin and then telling them that He is going to cause a certain number of people to repent and they will be His predestination elect family. Adam was put in a body that cant keep from sinning.

A tree in a garden. All that is in the world is talking about sin, lust, covetousness. Covetousness is idolatry – wanting more – an idol worshiper. All this is about self and it goes right back to the tree.

1 John 2:16 Alazonia – self esteem, You are not suppose to have self esteem you are to esteem God and others. Do not worry about anything because God has already planned everything.

Four Judgments of God; Sword, famine, pestilence, The Beast 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings 1 &2 Chronicles; Prophecy Matthew 24, Mark 13, Luke 21; Romans 15:11 Israel fell so God could call the Gentile to Him.

The last two thousands started around Acts 23, 33 AD

Ephraim is northern Israel. Israel was spilt into 2 nations. Judah is southern Israel. Jacob put his right hand on Ephraim and is given all the inheritance of Israel. Ephraim always points to northern Israel. It was Ephraim that brought the Christ Mass. Micah 750 B.C. N.I. falls in 722 BC S.J. falls in 586 BC. Micah 1:2-3 the judgment of God against Northern Israel. N.I kept their tree goddesses on this hills. V4-5 Jacob is all of Israel, Jacob the nation, not the man. Samaria is Northern Israel. 1 Samuel – 2 Chronicles and put together with Dan 9:24-27 N.T add Matt 24, Mark 13, Luke 21.

Luke 21.24 Fall by the sword and led away captive by all nations. Jer will be trodden down by Gentiles until ( a time will come when they are no longer trodden down ) When things come to pass in Mat 24, Mark 13 and Luke. All sister chapters. IN the 6 day war they were no longer trodden down. Luke 21.0-21 Horrible place to live during the gentiles treading under foot. Prior to the 6 day war they were trodden under foot. Since 586 B.C. Luke 21:24 is a reference to 2 Chronicles 36 chapter.

Babylon carried Jerusalem away and Babylon was overthrown by the Persian Medes Empire (586).

During the days of Jesus Rome – the beast was ruling. At the end of time Israel will came back to one nation. That happened. May 14, 1948 brought them back; 1967 June 5-10; The 70 weeks of Days is Israel time period to repent. Ethnos – non Jews against non Jews Mark 13:8; Acts 2 the Gospel was published. Mark 13:10; Hupomeno – verb – continue or stay under trial. Hupomone – noun – patience.

Abomination of desolation – 586 B.C. all the way to the 6 day war in 67. Do not go into Israel; stay away during this time as it was dangerous. 1517 -1917 most people in the land were Palestinians. Gen 12, 17 and 28 the land belongs to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob

Mark 13:24 ref Micah 3.5: Moon turned to blood means for it to die. If the moon turned to blood it means that the sun no longer reflects off the moon. Complete and total spiritual darkness in the end times 586 B.C. to 1967.

Mark 13:25 is talking about the judgments of God, not stars falling to earth. Ref. Revelation 8. the 7 candle sticks preached the gospel. 8:2 7 trumpets, 7 angels. Rev 1.16 Christ among the 7 candle sticks. Right hand 7 stars. Out of mouth sharp 2 edge sword. v20 is a glossary for the whole book of Rev. The 7 stars are the 7 angels, and angels are 7 churches, 7 candlesticks are the 7 churches, the church is Jewish, we are spiritual Israel. V7,8,10 fell a great star (message) from heaven, the messengers of God. Rev 9:1 stars in the right hand of Christ. 7 stars is the 7 messages of God. Rev 4 equates the trumpet sound with voice. Christ voice is represented as a trumpet.

Rev 4:1 heaven was a term for Israel, the heaven was the ruling class. Trumpet talking with me, trumpets are voices. Rev 10:5. Revelation is not a sequence of events. Rev 6, 8, 10, 14, 16, 18, 19 end of time in all of those passages. Same time period from a different view. Rev 10:7 voice – church. 7th messenger (angel) ref Eph 3,5 the mystery is the church. Teleios – complete. Mark 13 :26 ; 1 Thess 4.13 asleep means separation not annihilation. v15 remain – perileipo – to survive a great slaughter. v16 shout – keleuma – a war cry. Angel means messenger. If you speak truth you are a angel of God, a messenger.

Joshua 5:13 - 15 This was Jesus per-incarnate. NO other angel allowed man to worship them. Rev 22:8-9 this Angel said do not worship me, for I am thy fellow servant. This angel said to worship God.

The Hebrew Yeshua vs. the Greek Jesus

Presenter: Nehemia Gordon

An astonishing realization has recently gripped the Christian world: “Jesus Christ” was not a blond-haired, blue-eyed Gentile. Yeshua of Nazareth was raised in an observant Jewish family in a culture where the Torah (five books of Moses) was the National Constitution. Yeshua’s teachings, which supposedly form the basis for Western Christianity, are now filtered through 2000 years of traditions born in ignorance of the land, language, and culture of the Bible.

The issues over which Yeshua wrestled with the Pharisees are simply not understood by modern Christians; nor are his most important instructions followed by those who claim to be his disciples. Former Pharisee, Nehemia Gordon, a Dead Sea Scrolls scholar and Semitic language expert, explores the ancient Hebrew text of the Gospel of Matthew from manuscripts long hidden away in the archives of Jewish scribes. Gordon’s research reveals that the more “modern” Greek text of Matthew, from which the Western world’s versions were translated, depicts “another Jesus” from the Yeshua portrayed in the ancient Hebrew version of Matthew. Gordon explains the life-and-death conflict Yeshua had with the Pharisees as they schemed to grab the reins of Judaism in the first century, and brings that conflict into perspective for both Jew and Christian alike.

The History Of Israel

History of Israel: Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles

This is a time period that Israel was a nation under Kings. Before this they were under judges.

Joshua was the first judge.

I Samuel 17 David Kills Goliath, Abner end of 17 (Saul’s commanding general introduce David to Saul) 18 Chapter they sing Saul kills thousands, David’s kills his 10,000. David becomes commander of Saul’s guard. David must have been a very strong, valiant youth to take that position.

David was tough as nail when he went up against Goliath, he was not some scrawny kid. He was tough and under the hand of God. Chapter 19 Saul starts a campaign to kill David.

20+ years were of military age. Joshua and Caleb were the only two that God allowed to survive that were 20 years+

Judges — Ehud (Israel said that anyone that was left handed was evil, left is the word sinis in Latin -we get the word sinister from it), Deborah.

Judges 1 thumb and big toe cut off. If you cut off the thumb you ant hold a sword or spear. Cut off big toe, no balance, and would could not lead men into battle.

Sinai – Horeb (same name) this is where they get the law of God and this is the law they are to be keeping. If they did not then the four judgments of God was sent against them.

722 BC Assyria carries Northern Israel away. ; Southern Judah 586 BC carried away into captivity.

Go to the end of the books, 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles you will find the end of Israel history. These two book give you a synonymous viewpoint of the end of their history. Chronicles is looked at through the viewpoint of the priest. 1 & 2 Kings are the viewpoint of the kings of Israel. These two are the anointed ones, the two witness of Revelation 11. IT takes 2 witness according to Jewish law.

Gideon sent to annihilate in Judges. Judges 2 Joshua dies and they (Israel) goes back to pagan worship, Baal (tree and grove worship).

Samuel is the larder, the mouth of God for Israel. 1 Samuel 8 they ask for a king and Samuel warns them not to do this. Chapter 9 God elects Saul as their king. Chapter 16 David becomes king. Chapt. 13-15 Saul does not keep God commandments. Chapt. 14 Jonathan has the mind of Caleb and Joshua, Saul was against God. Deut 28 God promises that no matter how many, God would destroy their enemies. In chapt. 14 Saul takes credit. Chapt 15. Saul was told to destroys all, and Saul refuses. This is where God tells him his kingdom is finished. Saul is of the tribe of Benjamin, and the King must come form the tribe of Judah.

Chapt 16 – 31 David is the king in the eyes of God. 16-31 Saul is the king in the eyes of the people. c.17 kills Goliath, 18 David is made the guard

Joab is a killer and a murderer.

2 Samuel 24 David is numbering Israel. He is taking credit for all his victories. 1.8 million men that is his fighting force and that is why he is winning. He took credit for what God has done for him. This was a major mistake by David. IT was God that delivered David, not David.

I Kings is full blown Baal and grove worship.

I Kings – II Chronicles. Learn these chapters, you will understand most of what the rest of the bible is about.

I & II Kings and Chronicles. This is why they were scattered and brought back May 14th 1948.

Joseph sold into bondage in Egypt. They were in bondage for 400 years.

Jacob was Joseph father, Jacobs name was changed to Israel.

Isaac was Jacob Father, goes back to Abraham and the covenant was given to Abraham. The land of Israel was given to Abraham if they obeyed God. When they didn’t the four judgments of God was brought against them.

The Church today is spiritual Israel, the kingdom of God as the kingdom of God is now within you.

Moses was 40 when he killed an Egyptian (Ex 2). Ex 1 the Jews in Egypt were multiplying at a great rate, that the new Pharaoh said this must stop as the Jews were taking over.

586 B.C. Babylon takes away the Jews. 538 B.C. First decree given to rebuild the temple. They are being released.

Gen 15, Ex 7 400 years in bondage. Stephen tells the Sanhedrin the history of Israel.

Searching Hebrew In E-sword

How to obtain a more accurate search results in biblical languages using the e-sword search tool by esword101

 

Ancient Hebrew Script On E-Sword

How to enable and use the Ancient Hebrew Script on E-Sword by Ronen Gregory

Scriptures rendered in ancient pictograph Hebrew from aleppo codex, with sopherim changes reverted back to original readings.

Tanach In Original Script

Hebrew Wisdom Revealed – Know, Witness, Festival, Again

An examination showing the relationship between: know, knowledge, witness, testify, festival, again by Ronen Gregory

Hebrew Grammar Revealed-Aleph, Yod

A unique way to understand the Hebrew prefixes Aleph and Yod, showing how God is involved in all.

In my flesh I shall see God – DNA (Hebrew Lesson)

In my flesh I shall see God – Job 19:26 (Hebrew Lesson) Part 1

Brad Scott reveals how the design of the Hebrew Language is found embedded in all of God’s creation. The dynamics of Biblical Hebrew woven through agriculture and biology is a clear second witness to the supernatural revelation of the Word of God in our Bibles. Brad Scott discusses how the structure of the Word of God (linguistics) is found in agriculture and written on our DNA

Part 1

http://www.wildbranch.org (more…)

The Mystery of the God (ALEPH to TAV – A to Z)

Revelation 21:6

King James Version (KJV)

And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

From Aleph to Tav

The most common word in the Hebrew Bible is the word את (et). The first letter is the א, called an aleph, and is the first letter of the Hebrew alephbet. The second letter in the word את (et) is the ת, called a tav, and is the last letter of the Hebrew alephbet. These two letters are the “first and the last,” the “beginning and the end” and the “Aleph and the Tav” (which is translated as “the alpha and the omega,” the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, in the book of Revelation).

Joel 3:10

King James Version (KJV)

10 Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.

The word “plowshares,” in the passage above, is the Hebrew word את (et). A plowshare is the metal point of the plow which digs into the soil creating a furrow for planting seeds. When we examine the original pictographic script used in ancient times to write Hebrew, we can see a clear connection between the letters of this word and its meaning.

The modern Hebrew form of the letter aleph is א, but is an evolved form of the original pictograph , a picture of an ox head. The ancient pictographic form of the letter ת is , a picture of two crossed sticks which are used as a marker. When these two pictographs are combined we have the meaning “an ox toward the mark.” Fields were plowed with a plow pulled behind an ox (or pair of oxen). In order to keep the furrows straight the driver of the ox would aim toward a mark, such as a tree or rock outcropping in the far distance. As we can see, this meaning of driving the ox toward a mark, can be seen in the letters of the Hebrew word את (et).

The word את is also used very frequently (over 7,000 times) in the Hebrew language such as can be seen in the very first verse of the Bible.

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃

Because the word את has no equivalent in the English language, it is not translated, but to demonstrate its meaning in this verse I will translate Genesis 1:1 into English, but retain the word את in its correct position.

In the beginning Elohiym filled את the sky and את the land

The word את is used as a grammatical tool to identify the definite object of the verb. In the example of Genesis 1:1 the verb is the Hebrew word ברא (bara), meaning “to fill,” and the definite objects, the ones receiving the action of the verb, are the sky and the land. Just as the “ox” moved toward the “mark” when plowing, the word את (the plowshare) plows the path from the verb of a sentence (the ox) to the definite object (the mark).

Just as the phrase “heaven and earth” is an idiomatic expression meaning “all of creation,” the phrase “aleph and tav” is an idiomatic expression meaning “the whole of the alephbet.” It is the mission of the Ancient Hebrew Research Center to search out the history and meanings of the Ancient Hebrew alephbet, as well as the roots and words which are created out of them.

In the beginning was את…”

http://www.ancient-hebrew.org

Tet (The Good and Righteous)

The TET (9), The good (TOV — 17) and the righteous (TZADIK — 12 x 17) Casting out devils “Baptism Series”

God Has Chosen

Romans 8:29-30 - “For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”

  • Foreknow - to have a personal intimate relationship beforehand.

God predetermined that all who belonged to him before the foundation of the world were to “conform” to the word of God in obedience to Christ.

All that were predestined were “called”, “justified”, and “glorified” (past tense verbs). These were fixed in the mind of God before the world began. (Ephesians 1:4Acts 13:48II Thessalonians 2:13). The election of the saints is unto accountability (I Peter 1:2).

The majority of the protestant church held to this doctrine during the reformation. It is the foundation of “The London Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689″.

You Baptists are supposed to be believing it and you’ve discarded this precious doctrine of Grace !!!

http://www.graceandtruth.net/

Beyt is B

The history and evolution of the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet, the letter beyt – ב.

A chart of the Ancient Hebrew Alphabet is available through the Ancient Hebrew Research Center - http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/28_chart.html

Name
The name of the second letter in the Hebrew alphabet is beyt. Beyt is a Hebrew word meaning house, home or household as can be found in Gen 7:1 – And Yahweh said to Noah, Come to the ark, you and all your house.

Form
4,000 years ago, this letter was written in several different forms, all representations of the outline of a tent. Much of the Hebrew pictographic alphabet, as well as its language, revolves around the agricultural lifestyle of the ancient Hebrews. In this form you can see the outline of the tent with the entrance here. This is the wall inside the tent that separated the women’s side from the men’s side, with the entrance into the women’s side here.

Meaning
This letter represents the house, but also with and ‘within’ as the family resided within the tent, and also family.

Sound
This letter has a b sound as in bed, which sounds similar to beyt, or a v sound when it follows a vowel as in the word stove.

Vocabulary
Some Hebrew words that begin with this letter are ba meaning come, which is spelled with the letter beyt and the aleph learned in the last lesson. Ben meaning son, binah meaning understanding and beriyt meaning covenant.

Early form
The ancient hebrew beyt can be seen in this inscription found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Penninsula, which was inscribed about 1500 BC.

Middle form
Around 1000 BC the Hebrew alphabet evolved into a simpler form that usually called Paleo-Hebrew. This form can be seen in the Tel Dan inscription that dates to about 850 BC.

Greek
This form of the letter was adopted by the Greeks and became the ancient Greek letter beta, note the similarity between the Hebrew name beyt and the Greek name beta, but also note that the letter is written in reverse. This is because Hebrew is written from right to left, while in Greek the letters are written from left to right, so the letter is written in the opposite direction as Hebrew. This Greek beta later formed into the Beta we are familiar with today.

Late form
Around 400 BC this letter evolved again, as it appears in this scroll fragment found in the Dead Sea Caves dated to the first century BC or first century AD.

Number
This letter, the second letter in the Hebrew alphabet became the number 2.

Aleph is A

ʾĀlep is the reconstructed name of the first letter of the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, continued in descended Semitic alphabets as Phoenician Aleph Phoenician aleph.svgSyriac ‘Ālaph ܐ, Hebrew Aleph א, andArabic ʾAlif ا.

The name aleph is derived from the West Semitic word for “ox“, and the shape of the letter derives from a Proto-Sinaitic glyph based on a hieroglyph
which depicts an ox’s head.

A chart of the Ancient Hebrew Alphabet is available through the Ancient Hebrew Research Center - http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/28_chart.html

Name
The name of the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet is aleph. Aleph is a Hebrew word meaning ox as can be found in Ps 8:7 – all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field,

Form
4,000 years ago, the Hebrew alphabet was written with pictographs. The original form for this letter was a picture of an ox head.

Meaning
This letter represents the ideas of strength and power, the characteristics of the ox. This pictograph may also represent a chief or other leader.

Sound
This letter has an ah sound as in the word ox, or an eh as in the word elk.

Vocabulary
Some Hebrew words that begin with this letter are el meaning mighty one, but often translated as god, av, meaning father, aniy meaning I, and adon meaning lord.

Early form
The ancient hebrew aleph can be seen in this rock inscription found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Penninsula, which was inscribed about 1500 BC.

Middle form
Around 1000 BC the Hebrew alphabet evolved into a simpler form that usually called Paleo-Hebrew. This form can be seen in the Tel Dan inscription that dates to about 850 BC.

Greek
This form of the letter was adopted by the Greeks and became the letter alpha, note the similarity between the Hebrew name aleph and the Greek name alpha.

Second Middle form
The aleph was also written in a slightly different form and this form can be seen on the Moabite Stone which is also dated at about 850 BC.

Number
This letter, the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet became the number 1.

Late form
Around 400 BC this letter evolved again, as it appears in this scroll fragment found in the Dead Sea Caves dated to the first century BC or first century AD.

Modern
This letter is very similar to the Modern Hebrew letter as can be seen in the Aleppo Codex dated to about 1000 AD.

Al (Aleph)
By Jeff A. Benner

3_letters_al

History & Reconstruction

The original pictograph for this letter is a picture of an ox head -  representing strength and power from the work performed by the animal. This pictograph also represents a chief or other leader. When two oxen are yoked together for pulling a wagon or plow, one is the older and more experienced one who leads the other. Within the clan, tribe or family the chief or father is seen as the elder who is yoked to the others as the leader and teacher.

The Modern name for this letter is aleph and corresponds to the Greek name alpha and the Arabic name aleph. The various meanings of this root are oxen, yoke and learn. Each of these meanings is related to the meanings of the pictograph . The root aleph() is an adopted root from the parent root el () meaning, strength, power and chief and is the probable original name of the pictograph .

The  is a shepherd staff and represents authority as well as a yoke (see the letter Lam). Combined these two pictographs mean “strong authority”. The chief or father is the “strong authority”. The  can also be understood as the “ox in the yoke”. Many Near Eastern cultures worshipped the god , most commonly pronounced as “el” and depicted as a bull in carvings and statues. Israel chose the form of a calf (young bull) as an image of God at Mount Sinai showing their association between the word  and the ox or bull. The word  is also commonly used in the Hebrew Bible for God or any god.

The concept of the ox and the shepherd staff in the word  has been carried over into modern times as the scepter and crown of a monarch, the leader of a nation.

These modern items are representative of the shepherd staff, an ancient sign of authority, and the horns of the ox, an ancient sign of strength.

In Modern Hebrew this letter is silent but was originally used as the vowel “a” as well as a glottal stop. The Greek letter “alpha” derived from the “aleph” is also used for the “a” sound.

The Early Semitic pictograph  was simplified to  and  in the Middle Hebrew script and continued to evolve into the  in the Late Hebrew script. The Modern Hebrew letter א developed out of the Late Semitic. The Middle Semitic was adopted by the Greeks to be the letter “A” and carried over into the Roman “A”. The Middle Semitic script  became the number “1″ we use today.

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